Advantages and Disadvantages of the behavioral approach

Advantages and Disadvantages of the behavioral approach

Introduction
The behavioral approach is most often used in children or in situations where the authorities want to “control” the client’s behavior, for example, in prison or at home. It uses positive and negative reinforcement to shape a person’s behavior. Negative reinforcement is often mistakenly punishable. Symbols, constellations, timeouts, the “naughty step” are all elements of this method. It requires the ABC approach – Background – what happens immediately for the behavior and then what the consequences reinforce the behavior. The method of behavior indicates human rights issues and respect for free will.

Change behavior
Behavioral theories can be used to encourage short and long term. The game of good behavior (Mackay, 2018) is a method used to reinforce positive behavior in the classroom. Students work individually and in teams to earn rewards, such as privileges or special prizes, at the end of the day or week. The opportunity to win is lost if defined undesirable behavior occurs more than predefined limits, with each case traced to a table or a scroll table. For example, every case of speaking out of rotation can be unwanted behavior that counts against the team. Students are motivated by behavior that results in short-term rewards.
Behavioral theories that use positive reinforcement have also shown positive long-term consequences. The first and second series to participate in the Good Behavior Game showed less addiction to tobacco, alcohol and social behavior as they reached adulthood, according to a June 2008 study in the Journal of Drug and Alcohol Dependence (Mackay, 2019).

Increase self-belief
With the publication of “Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory” in 1986, Albert Bandura documented the theory that cognition related to environmental impact can drive a person’s behavior and lead to greater self-confidence (Mackay, 2018). Bandura’s teachings emphasize the individual’s ability to perform their own development and actions while recognizing that environmental conditions influence how individuals change. Recognizing that an individual has the power to change his or her behavior with subsequent changes in the outcome creates self-confidence that leads to new changes.

Build Trust
Cognitive behavioral theory tries to adapt behavior by helping people think differently and more positively about the challenges they face and applying cognitive behavioral learning in a therapeutic environment can build confidence. Patients who apply cognitive behavioral therapy in an attempt to better manage their pain show greater confidence in their ability to participate in lifetimes, according to the American Psychological Association. Patients are taught to diagnose negative thoughts about pain and how to reduce pain with awareness and relaxation techniques. Scoring in daily activities helps to develop pain management skills and also builds confidence in the individual’s ability to participate and enjoy a variety of activities (Dietrich and Feeley, 2016).

Learning Strategies
One limitation of behavioral theory is that people learn in different ways. Recent research indicates that human development is much more complex than previously thought. Albert Bandura, a psychologist at Stanford University, says that many factors, ranging from genetics to life experiences, oppose individual learning methods (Mackay, 2018). This means that although two or more may end up making the same choice in the math test, the factors involved in this choice may be very different from one individual to another. Thus, some behavioral training methods may work for some students but fail for others.

Cognitive skills
In situations where there is a common challenge and pronounced outcome, such as math or vocabulary, the behavioral approach will certainly help students to reach a positive outcome (Dietrich and Feeley, 2016). For example, in IGCSE mathematics for teenagers, memorizing multiplication tables will result in positive math tests and tests. However, students will encounter many other challenges where it is more difficult to measure performance. Today, scholars widely agree that learning is behavioral and cognitive, which means that it is not only important for students to complete assignments, but also to understand and interpret these tasks.

Open challenges
For some challenges, learning methods can benefit from behavioral theory. Skills such as basic writing and reading and writing will almost certainly improve with repeated training to eliminate errors and develop stable skills (Sharma, 2015). Still, ask students to write a diary of their thoughts on the “Charlotte Web” or “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finns” and behavioral methods begin to deteriorate. Each student will have a slightly different feeling about the book and no one is necessarily wrong. The challenge is more intellectual than behavior. The student should not only be able to read and write properly, but also understand the text and develop a unique idea about it.

Continuing Education
When it comes to more diverse challenges such as writing and analysis, recent research has used a more cognitive approach rather than behavioral theory. According to Linda Blóm, who is working to develop new theories of learning and writing at Carnegie Mellon University, project-related methods are not considered how students overcome challenges (Mackay, 2018). For example, behavioral theory does not explain how individual memories and experiences of a student relate to how he or she interprets a book or takes on a challenge that he or she has never been trained to deal with.

Conclusion
Creativity is strongly emphasized because it focuses on how the environment influences and shapes behavior. This means that the role of nature is ignored as behavioral scientists often overlook the fact that genetic makeup can affect our behavior. Many internal factors control behavior, for example, the role of incentives and emotions that are not taken into account in the behavioral approach. Although this method has been considered too specific, it suggests that behavior is learned in conjunction with associations made with environmental stimuli and / or responses we receive (reinforcement). This view states that the environment controls our behavior and that it is not our conscious thoughts and processes that control behavior.

References
Mackay, D., 2018. Clinical psychology: theory and therapy. Routledge.
Dietrich, S.B. and Feeley, T.H., 2016. Behavior, Behaviorism, and Behavioral Sciences. The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy, pp.1-13.
Sharma, M., 2015. Multi-theory model (MTM) for health behavior change.

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