Research in education has seen significant progress in curriculum development and curriculum reforms, training of slow learners, understanding of mental disabilities and adapting teaching methods to the needs of individual pupils. Best and Khan (2016) said research has undoubtedly contributed to understanding the different cultures and influences of culture on values, attitudes, ideals, personality development, and human behavior. Education is the culprit research of its theories and research methods and techniques; Also for what we already know about education, theory and motivation of learning, intelligence testing, growth and development, measurement and evaluation (Ary et al., 2018). An important contribution was the discovery of knowledge and understanding of administrative leadership and behavior, group practices, classroom atmosphere, interaction analysis, self-knowledge, aspirational levels; deprivation and racism; and educational inequality and disadvantaged people.
Research in education is “disciplined research”. By using methods of scientific analysis, it is necessary to create the information needed to improve the planning of education, decision making, teaching and learning, curriculum development, understanding children and youth, using the educational media, organizing schools and educating management, and accepting the public school as an agent for change of society. Research in the field of education is a more formal, more systematic and intensive process of implementing the scientific method of analysis (Best and Khan, 2016); “When we use the term educational research, it means scientific research and problem solving” (Punch and Oncea, 2014); “Educational research … represents an activity aimed at developing an organized set of scientific knowledge about events of concern to educators” (Mertens, 2014 “Research in the field of education is a part of behavioral sciences whose aim is to understand, explain, predict and to some extent controls human behavior “(Ary et al., 2018)
Leadermen and Abell (2014) declare that despite half a century of great research effort, we have no definitive solutions to such persistent learning problems, such as class size, groupings for teaching purposes, selection and organization of curriculum conventions, interpersonal relationships, teacher education, cognitive development the ability of children, the effectiveness of teaching, the nature and the degree of the teacher’s personality, how to organize schools and classes best and how to plan and bring about educational change. Best and Khan (2016), they say that progress in education as well as in all areas is progressing and that these problems depend on research. At present, little needs are needed, rather than carefully designed studies and research that will enable education to cope with various complex problems in the community in the future. Some of these problems include poverty, theft, crime, drug addiction, pollution, student riots, teacher mobility, disruption of teacher education, resource allocation, attitudes towards education and inequality in education (Pyrczak, 2016). Research activities are needed to help educate people to improve our culture goals, to restore public schools, to adapt to cultural diversity, to learn about self-identity and individual fulfillment, to believe in human, moral and democratic values, to renew, change racial attitudes, importance and address the challenges of the future world to accelerate scientific and technological change.
Benefits Of Research
Research will help a student understand any subject and its principles much better and simpler as new questions will look and seek answers to questions that lead you to learn new theories about any subject (Best and Khan, 2016). Research means perceiving an educational subject from out of the box. If done, it will separate one student from other students who will surely attract the attention of your lecturers, which in turn benefits the need for help from someone who is better than the other (Ledermen and Abell, 2014). Research is not always a concept that respects practitioners, managers and policymakers. Too often this is considered an academic activity performed by others – for a profession, not for a job (Ledermen and Abell, 2014). Research specialists are always educating, finding things, analyzing information, adjusting their behavior based on information gathered, improving and adapting to modern requirements.
Research also helps to explain confusion about a particular topic or topic (Mertens, 2014). Research helps explain complicated facts and figures. If a student has a student’s doubts about the subject, the student must thoroughly explore and study to remove any ambiguity and gain a proper understanding of the content. To be a specialist in a particular field, research is key. To understand this subject, you have to go deep in the lines. Scanning content for students will never be good. If you want to learn a subject and know unknown facts, research, study of details and complete analysis must be done. The research is carried out by published work. Experts and researchers have already done research, and students are asked to review the published material to know the idea and vision of these researchers (Mertens, 2014).
The human pursuit to seek information, gratify one’s sense of wonder, cultivate more aptitudes, link with others, and recognize society is essential to research. Preserving truths, as well as discrediting lies and myths needs inquisitive minds and invaluable integrity. As the world continues to progress, researching becomes more imperative as a skill with lasting benefits.
Best, J.W. and Kahn, J.V., 2016. Research in education. Pearson Education India.
Ary, D., Jacobs, L.C., Irvine, C.K.S. and Walker, D., 2018. Introduction to research in education. Cengage Learning.
Punch, K.F. and Oancea, A., 2014. Introduction to research methods in education. Sage.
Mertens, D.M., 2014. Research and evaluation in education and psychology: Integrating diversity with quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods. Sage publications.
Lederman, N.G. and Abell, S.K. eds., 2014. Handbook of research on science education (Vol. 2). Routledge.
Pyrczak, F., 2016. Evaluating research in academic journals: A practical guide to realistic evaluation. Routledge.